feature Image – descriptive writing


Descriptive writing is the simplest form of writing. It is also one of the most widely adopted forms of writing. Every piece of writing includes some text that is descriptive in nature. This style of writing is useful for providing descriptions of people, places, events, situations, etc. to a reader. Academic assignments with action verbs, such as identify, summarize, record, etc., are associated with descriptive writing.

A piece of descriptive writing has certain unique attributes. Some are presented below. Readers may go through them to better understand the examples that follow.

  • Descriptive writing is clear, unambiguous, and focused. The central idea of the writing piece is reflected from the content.
  • Descriptive text is powerful enough to bring the imagination of a reader into play. The reader is able to visualize an impression of what is vividly described in the writing piece. A descriptive piece carries information for a reader and conveys it imaginatively.
  • A piece of descriptive writing is well structured. A logical flow of expression makes the content appealing to the reader.
  • The level of language and vocabulary is fairly simple. Descriptive writing also includes examples and analogies. This helps cut down verbosity, improve clarity, and make the content more engaging.

Presented below are a few samples of descriptive writing. Their attributes as a descriptive writing piece are also discussed and highlighted along-with.

Example 1

Writing Sample 1 presents the first-person description of an apartment. Readers may go through the sample and observe how the attributes of descriptive writing reflect from the content in the writing piece.

Descriptive Writing on an Apartment
Writing Sample 1
  • The sample has a clear focus, the apartment.
  • The phrases: “… simple appearance…”, “…comforts of modern urban life…”, “…just like a premium car.” help build up the imagination of the reader.
  • No difficult words are present in the sample text.                      
  • The flow of the content is quite logical: location of apartment→ layout/ appearance of apartment→ furnishing of apartment→ closing comment.

Example 2

Writing Sample 2 presents a short piece of descriptive text on the Statue of Liberty. Readers may observe how the essential attributes of descriptive writing apply to the sample piece.

Descriptive writing on the Statue of Liberty
Writing Sample 2
  • The piece focuses on providing general information about the Statue of Liberty.
  • The phrases: ”..iconic monument…”; “.. colossal masterpiece…” help the reader get an idea about the kind of monument the Statue of Liberty is.
  • The vocabulary in the writing piece is simple and easily understandable.
  • The flow of content is rational: location of the monument→ relevance of the monument→ short history of construction→ closing statement.

Example 3

Writing Sample 3 presents another short description of the Statue of Liberty. Readers may observe that though the subject of writing samples 2 and 3 is same, the focus is completely different. The attributes of descriptive writing, however, still hold true.

Descriptive writing on the the construction of Statue of Liberty
Writing Sample 3
  • The focus of the text is clearly on the different aspects related to the construction of The Statue of Liberty.
  • The description is informative and highlights several important aspects: materials used for making the statue, process of making, timeline of construction, etc.
  • The vocabulary is fairly simple and straightforward.
  • Though the sample does not have a clear closing statement, the flow of content is logical: construction details of the statue→ origination of the construction plan→ construction timeline in brief.

Example 4

Writing Sample 4 presents a short first-person description of a backpack. Readers may observe how the attributes of of descriptive writing apply to the write-up.

Descriptive Writing on backpack
Writing Sample 4
  • Focus of the text: the backpack.
  • The phrases: “Big and vast as the universe……”, “Like an army knife is to a soldier….”, “…ups and downs…” point to different qualities of the bag, namely, spaciousness, versatility, and toughness.
  • The vocabulary is fairly simple and effortlessly understandable.
  • Flow of content: opening statement→ features of the bag (spacious, versatile, tough)→ closing statement.                     
  • The writing piece is more lively; there seems to be a conscious attempt by the writer to ‘personify’ the backpack.
  • The closing statement of the writing piece is impactful and condenses the entire description into itself.


Each sample presented here has a few distinct features that make it a piece of descriptive writing. Readers may attempt writing similar short pieces on topics of general interest. Writing is an important skill. It helps improve an individual’s understanding of a topic. Writing also helps develop vocabulary and articulation skills.


  1. Kathleen Jones White Writing Center at Indiana University of Pennsylvania.
  2. The Writing page at the The University of Sydney website.
  3. 5 Examples of How to Write a Good Descriptive Paragraph at ThoughtCo.

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This article is part of a series of articles on Writing. 
For further reading related to pedagogy and education standards, 
please visit the blog pages at Evelyn Learning.



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